Antenna gain measurement using a tracking generator

Antenna gain characteristic is easily measured using spectrum analyzer with tracking generator.


Figure:Connection block diagram


The anechoic room and calibrated standard antenna are usually required in order to measure the anten na gain. However, it can be easily measured using the anechoic box and MSA438TG. The measurement procedure is as follows:

  1. Place the two antennas to be tested with a certain distance in the anechoic box.
  2. Set the center frequency and span of the spectrum analyzer to a band to be observed.
  3. The output of tracking generator and RF input of the spectrum analyzer are directly connected using a coaxial cable in the anechoic box, and then the frequency characteristics of the sy stem is normalized using the function of spectrum ana lyzer.
  4. Connect the output of tracking generator to Ante nna 1.
  5. Connect the RF input of spectrum analyzer to Ante nna 2.
  6. Start the measurement.

Antenna gain can be calculated by the following equation.
Antenna gain [dB] = [measured level + space loss] /2

Space loss can be calculated by the following equation.
Space loss[dB] = 20 x LOG [4πD/λ]
[But, D: distance between antennas (m),λ: wavele ngth (m)]

[System configuration]

This system is an inexpensive tool by which the antenna characteristics can be easily measured.

Spectrum Analyzer [MSA438TG] x 1
MSA438 calibration set x 1
Electromagnetic anechoic box[MY1530] x 1
SMA cables(3m) [MC202] x 2

With the addition of VSWR bridge MVS300B, the return loss measurement is possible.

*MICRONIX Corporation reserves the right to make changes in design, specification and other information without prior notice.

[Products introduction]