Units of reference level for measurement
Summary of measurement units and calculation of noise level
［Application］
You may find plenty of measurement units in documents or references on wired or nonwired communication equipment.
This application note gives you the explanation about units of noise measurement, and also supported units on MSA300/400 series spectrum analyzers.
［Solution］
Supported measurement units on MSA300/400 series
You can read out the noise level in 6 measurement units, dBm, dBμV, dBmV, dBV, dBμV/m and dBμA/m on MSA300/400 series spectrum analyzers.
(dBμV/m only for electric field intensity and dBμA/m only for magnetic field intensity)
The unit, dBm, is the expression in decibel value normalized by 1mW power, and this means 1mW equals to 0dBm.
The following formula can convert the value from dBm unit to mW unit .Reversely, the following formula gives you the way of conversion from dBm to mW.
 Power[dBm] = 10Log (MeasurementPower[W] / 1[mW] )
 Power[mW] = 10^ ( ( MeasurementPower[dBm] / 10 )  3 )
The following table shows the conversion formula from dBm to each unit. (50Ωimpedance).
Unit  Conversion formula  Purpose  Comments 

dBμV  [dBμV] = 107 + MeasurementPower[dBm]  Power  
dBmV  [dBmV] = 47 + MeasurementPower[dBm]  Power  
dBV  [dBV] = (13) + MeasurementPower[dBm]  Power  
dBμV/m  [dBμV/m] = 68.8 / λ × √( MeasurementPower[dBm] / Gar )  Electric Field Intensity  λ：Wave length[m]、 Gar：Absolute gain of antenna 
dBμA/m  [dBμA/m] = 107 + MeasurementPower[dBm] + F  Magnetic Field Intensity 
F for Micronix CP2S magnetic field probe

Units for noise measurement
The value of noise power can be easily calculated through the conversion from measurement values on Micronix's spectrum analyzer.
Unit  Conversion formula  Comments 

dBc/Hz  L(fm)[dBc/Hz] = Pn(fm)  Pc  10log(RBW x 1.2) + 2.5  Pn(fm)：RBW Noise power at fm [dBm], fm: offset frequency[Hz] Pc ： Carrier power [dBm] 
 The calibration is theoretically required for SSB phase noise measurement on a spectrum analyzer.
Here are the reasons for the calibration.
 The difference of the RBW filter characteristic from ideal rectangle shape.
The RBW should be expanded by 20% for conversion by RBW  The compression of noise power at logarithm amplifier. 2.5 dB should be added to the SSB noise.
In conclusion, the SSB phase noise per Hertz is calculated by the following formula.
L(fm)[dBc/Hz] = Pn(fm)  Pc  10Log(RBW×1.2) + 2.5
 The difference of the RBW filter characteristic from ideal rectangle shape.
Relation of setting values for noise measurement